Read the latest about our new PARC staff member and PSC/PARC Research associates in the news.
Please join us for the next PARC Aging Chat on Monday, December 5, 2022 from 12-1pm for a Panel Discussion on "Assessing Cognition and Using Cognition Assessments Available in Secondary Data Analysis" with Marc Norman (UCSD)and Julie Bynum (UMichigan) who will discuss ways in which cognition is assessed and the pros/cons of their use in different populations.
This event will be held in person in McNeil 150, but if you cannot attend in person, please join us via Zoom.
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Meeting ID: 938 3803 2603 & Passcode: 506263
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Please see the PARC Aging Chats website for details on upcoming events as well as past events.
Read the latest news about about PSC & PARC researchers, including the latest awards, publications & upcoming events!
According to Research Associate Jason Karlawish's op-ed in The Phildadelphia Inquirer, we shouldn't jump to blaming new pains or symptoms on getting older. Instead, we should ask three questions.
A Penn LDI article summarizes findings of a recent study co-authored by Research Associate Peter Groeneveld: Incidence of Timely Outpatient Follow-Up Care After Emergency Department Encounters for Acute Heart Failure published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
Penn Today reports on a Perry World House lecture with former South Korean Prime Minister Chung Sye Kyun, moderated by PSC/PARC Research Associate Hyunjoon Park. The lecture focused on South Korea's successful response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
In a Market Watch article, "What Happens if You're Incapacitated? How to Get Your Advance Directives in Order," Research Associate Scott D. Halpern gives advice on making sure your end-of-life care wishes don't get lost in the shuffle.
Citation: "What Happens if You're Incapacitated? How to Get Your Advance Directives in Order," Market Watch, M Stettner, October 14, 2022.
Penn Today shared the results of a UPenn-led study co-authored by PSC/PARC Research Associates Kevin G. Volpp, Angela Lee Duckworth, and Alison M. Buttenheim on the efficacy of geographically targeted, high pay-off vaccine lotteries for boosting vaccination rates. Published in Nature Human Behavior, the study found no benefit to enhancing the odds of winning in targeted zip codes.
Lopez, Jennifer, Jere Behrman, Santiago Cueto, Marta Favara, and Alan Sánchez. 2022. "Late-Childhood Foundational Cognitive Skills Predict Educational Outcomes Through Adolescence and Into Young Adulthood: Evidence from Ethiopia and Peru." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-100.
Studies by PSC/PARC Research Associate Jere Behrman and Research Affiliate David Bravo were recently cited in the IDB blog Primeros Pasos: Desarollo Infantil's post: "When Not Going to Preschool was Normal / Cuando no ir al Jardín era lo Normal."
The post highlighted the many potentially harmful impacts of pandemic era preschool closures on the the development, learning and economic wellfare of on young children.
Freund, Richard, Marta Favara, Catherine Porter, and Jere Behrman. 2022. "Social Protection and Foundational Cognitive Skills During Adolescence: Evidence from a Large Public Works Programme." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-99.
Scott, Douglas, jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, and Jere Behrman. 2022. "The Impact of the JUNTOS Conditional Cash Transfer Programme on Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age of Enrollment Matter?." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-98.
In an article for PBS News Hour, PSC/PARC Research Associate Samuel H. Preston provides analysis of the CDC's recent statistics on falling life expectancy in the U.S. over the past two years.
PSC/PARC Research Associate Harsha Thirmurthy's study in Nature Human Behavior, “The Effects of Cash Transfer Programmes on HIV-Related Outcomes in 42 Countries from 1996 to 2019,” links cash transfer programs to positive outcomes for HIV control and prevention. His work was featured in a Penn LDI blog post.
PARC Research Associate Molly Candon co-authored a study in the Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy, “The Impact of Opioid Prescribing Report Cards in Medicaid” and shares Results in a Penn LDI Blog Post.
In an op-ed for The Hill, PARC Reasearch Associate Jason Karlawish says that continuing telemedicine beyond thep pandemic will enormously benefit patients and their caregivers and families and advocates for Medicare's funding of these visits in the future.
In an interview for Penn Today, PSC/PARC researcher Linda H. Aiken shares her co-authored research protocol, "A Workplace Organisational Intervention to Improve Hospital Nurses’ and Physicians’ Mental Health: Study Protocol for the Magnet4Europe Wait List Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial," published in BMJ Open. The study will examine the impact of implementing the magnet model in European hospitals.
Reed, Megan, Linda Li, Luca Maria Pesando, Lauren Harris, Frank Furstenberg, and Julien Teitler. 2022. "Communication with Kin in the Wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-97.
Kohler, Iliana, Cung Hoang, Vikesh Amin, Jere Behrman, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Resilience, Accelerated Aging and Persistently Poor Health: Diverse Trajectories of Health among the Global Poor." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-96.
Schut, Rebecca, and Courtney Boen. 2022. "State Immigration Policy Contexts and Racialized Legal Status Disparities in Healthcare Utilization among U.S. Agricultural Workers." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-95.
In a Bloomberg Law article, "Biden Team Weighed Emergency Declaration Over Roe Decision," PARC Research Associate Allison K. Hoffman offers perspective on the administration's authority to act in the wake of the Supreme Court's overturn of Roe v. Wade.
PARC Research Associate Abby Alpert (PARC Research Associate) spoke about her working paper, "Origins of the Opiod Crisis and Its Enduring Impacts" on Malcolm Gladwell's podcast Revisionist History, episode title "In Triplicate."
Origins of the Opioid Crisis and Its Enduring Impacts
was interviewed in an episode of the Pushkin podcast entitled "In Triplicate."
In a Bloomberg Law article, "Covid, Tobacco Policy at Risk After High Court Emissions Ruling," PARC Research Associate Allison K. Hoffman noted that many aspects of health care regulation, such as abortion and LGBTQ rights, stand to be impacted by the ruling going forward.
Low-income people and and people of color will be disproportionately impacted by the overturn of Roe v. Wade, say PSC Research Associate Regina S. Baker and PSC/PARC Research associate Courtney Boen in a Penn Today article. Baker's recent paper in the American Journal of Sociology is featured.
A Penn LDI blog post titled "Economic Impact of Rural Hospital Closures," features a recent study in Health Services Research coauthored by PSC/PARC Research Associate Atheendar Venkataramani, "Changes in Economic Outcomes Before and After Rural Hospital Closures in the United States: A Difference-in-Differences Study." In the study the authors found that in areas with hospital closures the economies were already in decline.
Rachel M. Werner and Peter Groeneveld (PARC Research Associates) were featured in Penn LDI. The studies they co-authored examine the relationship between extreme heat and mortality, one published in Jama Network Open and the other in Circulation.
During a virtual seminar featuring top experts and U.S. Senator Bob Casey, Research Associates Mary Ersek and Rachel M. Werner emphasized the need to grapple with inadequate quality measures and inequitable patient care as part of a plan to improve nursing home quality. Ersek and Werner are among 12 co-authors of a consensus study published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, The National Imperative to Improve Nursing Home Quality: Honoring Our Commitment to Residents, Families, and Staff. The seminar was organized by the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics.
In a Los Angeles Times op-ed titled "Overhyped Alzheimer’s treatments betrayed patients’ hopes. Here’s how science should change," Jason Karlawish (PARC Research Associate) calls on scientists to consider the consequences for patients and their own personal motivations when pushing for accelerated FDA approval of new drugs and medical treatments.
Kulkarni, Vani, Veena Kulkarni, Katsushi Imai, and Raghav Gaiha. 2022. "Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in State Governments in India." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-94.
Preston, Samuel and Yana Vierboom.2022. "How Major Risk Factors Influence Mortality Trends in the National Health Interview Survey." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-93.
David S. Mandell (PSC Reearch Associate) was quoted in the Philadelphia Inquirer on the difference between the mental health crisis and the gun violence crisis in the U.S. In the article, he states that the country should "not expect that by addressing the mental health crisis in the United States we will address the issue of gun violence."
Scott D. Halpern's recent study in Annals of the American Thoracic Society paper entitled "Association of Unit Census with Delays in Antimicrobial Initiation among Ward Patients with Hospital-acquired Sepsis." was featured in Penn LDI.
Mark D. Neuman is featured in a Penn Medicine News article "Spinal Anesthesia Linked to Higher Painkiller Use in Hip Fracture Patients, which cites a recent article in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Research Associate Karen Lasater (PARC) co-authored a study, "Conditions of Nursing Practice in Hospitals and Nursing Homes Before Covid 19: Implications for Policy Action," published in the Journal of Nursing Home Regulation. The authors summarized the results and advocate for minimum nurse staffing standards in Penn LDI.
Matthew D. McHugh and Linda H. Aiken (PSC/PARC Research Associates) were quoted in a Vox article titled "The way the US pays for nurses is broken." They highlighted the important behind-the-scenes work that nurses do, and how the quality of care in a hospital relates to the number of nurses employed there.
Harsha Thirumurthy, Kevin G. Volpp, and Allison M. Buttenheim's (PSC/PARC Research Associates) recent PLoS ONE paper entitled "Association Between Statewide Financial Incentive Programs and COVID-19 Vaccination Rates" was featured in a Penn LDI blog post
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Gonalons-Pons, Pilar 2022. "Paid Family Leave and the Gender Division of Paid and Unpaid Work." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-73.
Wharton's Pension Research Council hosted their annul symposium in April 2022, this year entitled “Real-World Shocks and Retirement System Resiliency." Olivia S. Mitchell (PSC/PARC Research Associate and the Council's Executive Director) was featured in a Knowledge at Wharton article about the symposium titled "How Prepared Are Americans for Retirement?" where she discusses how recent world events may impact retirement preparedness and global retirement systems.
Scott D. Halpern (PARC Research Associate) speaks on the BETTER (Behavioral Economics to Transform Trial Enrollment Representatives) Center's work to actively recruit study participants from historically underserved groups in the Penn Medicine News article "A Better WAY: New Penn Medicine Center Wiull Advance Diversity in Cardiovascular Disease Clinical Trials."
In a Penn LDI blog post, "Just How Sensitive Are Hospital Treatment Decisions to Medicare Payment Policies?," PARC Research Associate Guy David shares the results of his latest study in American Journal of Managed Care and suggested that a well-intentioned policy can also have unintended effects that impact patient care options.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Amin, Vikesh, Jere Behrman, Jason Fletcher, Carlos Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Does Schooling Improve Cognitive Abilities at Older Ages: Causal Evidence from Nonparametric Bounds." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-92.
A Bloomberg Law article, "Abortion Patients Have a Limited Privacy Shield: HIPAA Explained." quotes PARC Research Associate Allison K. Hoffman about the constraints of HIPAA's informational privacy protections.
"Abortion Patients Have a Limited Privacy Shield: HIPAA Explained." Bloomberg Law, A Reed, May 18, 2022.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Grant, Monica and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Marriage Change and Fertility Decline in sub-Saharan Africa, 1991-2019." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-91.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Kulkarni, Vani, Veena Kulkarni, Katsushi Imai, and Raghav Gaiha. 2022. "Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in Judiciary in India." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-90.
Norma B. Coe, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Rachel M. Werner (PSC/PARC Research Associates) were quoted in a recent LDI Blog post about the new Get Experience in Aging Research Undergraduate Program (GEAR UP). The program will support underrepresented undergraduate students who are interested in health and aging.
Karen Lasater (PARC Reasearch Associate) discusses how politics could help nurses achieve safer working conditions in a Nation article entitled "Nurses Are Fighting Back—but the Nightmare Continues," which cites her BMJ Quality & Safety paper co-authored with Linda H. Aiken (PSC/PARC) and Matthew D. McHugh (PSC/PARC). Additionally, this news article cites other journal articles authored by PSC Associates JAMA (Aiken), Journal of General Internal Medicine (Lasater, McHugh, Rosenbaum, Aiken, Smith) and papers by Lasater, Aiken and McHugh in Medical Care and BMJ Open.
We are excited to share that the National Institute on Aging has funded a brand-new undergraduate research training program, GEAR UP. This joint venture between the Population Aging Research Center (PARC) and the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (Penn LDI) will build on the successful and long-standing Summer Undergraduate Minority Research (SUMR) Program, by providing exciting mentored research experiences to undergraduates for two consecutive summers, supplemented with programming throughout the academic year. The long-term goal of the program is to enhance the diversity of the research workforce in the demography and economics of aging, health, and healthcare. Learn more on the GEAR-UP Program page.
Kevin G. Volpp's (PSC/PARC Research Assosciate) recent JAMA Internal Medicine paper entitled "Remote Monitoring and Behaviroal Economics in Managing Heart Failure in Patients Discharged from the Hospital" was cited in HCP and AJMC
Rachel M. Werner and Norma B. Coe's (PSC/PARC Research Associates) latest Health Services Paper paper was featured in a Penn LDI Blog post. The paper is entitled "Racial and ethnic disparities in access to and enrollment in high-quality Medicare Advantage plans."
In an NPR article: "A Shortage of Health Aides is Forcing out those who Wish to Get Care at Home," PARC Research Associate Rachel M. Werner shares that government needs to invest more in long-term care and infrastructure, as well as home health aides, who are an underapreciated and vulnerable work force.
"A Shortage of Health Aides is Forcing out those who Wish to Get Care at Home," National Public Radio, N Krebs, May 5, 2022.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Batyra, Ewa, and Luca Maria Pesando. 2022. "'Reverse Policies?' Reducing the Legal Minimum Age at Marriage Increases Child Marriage Among the Poorest in Mali." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-89.
In a Grid Health article "Nurses are Not OK: Why They're quitting Their Jobs, and What it Means for the Future of Health Care," Karen Lasater shares how staffing mandates that improve patient to caregiver ratios make economic sense. The article references a study published in Med Care, "Is Hospital Nurse Staffing Legislation in the Public's Interest?" in which PARC associates Lasater and Linda H. Aiken are co-authors.
"Nurses are Not OK: Why They're quitting Their Jobs and What it Meansfor the Future of Health Care," Grid Health, J Lambert and AL Matthews, May 2, 2022.
Lasater, KB, LA Aiken, et al. 2021. "Is Hospital Nurse Staffing Legislation in the Public's Interest? An Observational Study in New York State", Med Care 59(5):444-450.
Catherine Auriemma and Scott D. Halpern (PARC Research Associates) were featured in Penn LDI for their latest JAMA Internal Medicine paper entitled " How Traditional Advance Directives Undermine Advance Care Planning: If You Have it In Writing You Don’t Have to Worry About It."
A news article for Penn LDI, "How Spirituality, Language and Culture Influence Social Determinants of Health," highlight April 2022's special edition of Research in Nursing & Health co-edited by Adriana Perez. The issue focuses on health equity, faith based perspectives on care and social determinants of health.
In a Penn LDI blog post, "Information, Relative Skill, and Technology Abandonment: Chart of the Day," PARC Research Associate Guy David (PARC Research Associate) shares his findings on how a physicialn's skill levels impact choices when faced with new information. David's study on the subject of the same name was published the Journal of Health Economics.
Atheendar Venkataramani's (PSC/PARC Research Associate) latest Health Services Research paper entitled "Changes in economic outcomes before and after rural hospital closures in the United States: A difference-in-differences study" was quoted in Medical Xpress.
A Penn LDI article spotlights Robert Burke's JAMA Network Open paper, "Skilled Nursing Facility Performance and Readmission Rates Under Value-Based Purchasing."
Rachel M. Werner (PARC Research Associate) and Mary Ersek (PARC Research Associate) co-authored a National Academy of Sciences Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) report calling for sweeping reorganization of the nursing home industry entitled, "The National Imperative to Improve Nursing Home Quality." The report points out that despite nursing home residents making up less than half of one percent of the U.S. population, as of October 2021, they accounted for approximately 19 percent of all COVID-19 deaths. The report shows “the pandemic also highlighted the pervasive ageism evident in undervaluing the lives of older adults.” Read more in the LDI Research Update.
Linda H. Aiken (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was quoted in NPR Health News about the pressures on nurses and the potential effects of the recent Vaught verdict in which RaDonda Vaught, a nurse, was convicted of two felonies for a fatal medication mistake. "The only way you can really learn about errors in these complicated systems is to have people say, 'Oh, I almost gave the wrong drug because...' Well, nobody is going to say that now."
New Penn Education and Inequality Working Paper: Hannum, Emily, and Fan Wang. 2022. "Fewer, Better Pathways For All? Intersectional Impacts of Rural School Consolidation in China’s Minority Regions." Penn Education and Inequality Working Papers, #10.
New Project led by Michel Guillot (PSC/PARC Research Associate), the Global Age Patterns of Under-Five Mortality (GAPU5M) and funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health (NICHD) aims to improve our understanding of age patterns of under-5 mortality by sharing data they've collected on this topic.
The Under-5 Mortality Database (U5MD) is the largest database to date of high-quality global mortality information by detailed age (by days, weeks, months, and years of age) from birth through age 5, by sex, which provides age-specific death rates and probabilities of dying by age (weeks, months, trimesters, years) for 25 countries with high-quality vital registration data, from 1841 until 2016.
Currently researchers on the project have published four journal articles in Population Health Metrics, PLOS One, Demographic Research, and the latest paper, "Modeling Age Patterns of Under-5 Mortality: Results From a Log-Quadratic Model Applied to High-Quality Vital Registration Data," in Demography.
PARC Research Associate Jason Karlawish participates in an episode of the Science Rehashed podcast that discusses the history of Alzheimer’s, the stigma surrounding it, disparities in healthcare, and the impacts on caregivers. | Listen to the Podcast!
Jason Karlawish (PARC Research Associates) was featured in the Penn Memory Center News discussing a new NIA funded project that studies the financial symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Money mismanagement such as, missed bill payments, difficulty balancing checkbooks, and large financial decisions made on a whim can be early indicators of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias. They will collaborate with patients, caregivers, government agencies, and the financial industry to test the unique financial symptoms of ADRD for early diagnosis and to protect consumers.
Nancy Hodgson (PARC Research Associate) was recently selected for induction to the International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame. Hodgson will be honored by Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI) for her contributions to the nursing profession during the organization’s 33rd International Nursing Research Congress in Edinburgh, Scotland, in July.
Congratulations to Adriana Perez (PARC Research Associate) for her promotion to Associate Professor in the Penn School of Nursing, effective July 1, 2022.
Congratulations to Karen Lasater (PARC Research Associate), Assistant Professor of Nursing, for being awarded the "2002 Undergraduate Award for Teaching, Student Nurses at Penn."
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Greenwood, Jeremy, Nezih Guner, and Karen Kopecky. 2022. "Substance Abuse During the Pandemic: Implications for Labor-Force Participation." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-88.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Kulkarni, Vani, Veena Kulkarni, Katsushi Imai, and Raghav Gaiha. 2022. "Change in Subjective Well-Being, Affluence and Trust in Politicians." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-87. https://repository.upenn.edu/psc_publications/87.
In the US News article "To Families’ Dismay, Biden Nursing Home Reform Doesn’t View Them as Essential," PARC Research Associate Rachel M. Werner (PARC Research Associate) states that greater acknowledgement, support and training is needed for informal care givers. The article also cites a study by Werner and PARC Research Associate Norma B. Coe, "Informal Caregivers Provide Considerable Front-Line Support In Residential Care Facilities And Nursing Homes" from the journal Health Affairs.
Kevin G. Volpp (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was featured on a recent episode of the Freakonomics MD podcast entitled, "How to Save a Stranger’s Heart," discussing his personal experience with cardiac arrest. The episode dives into the large-scale efforts to get more people certified in CPR, as performing CPR dramatically increases the likelihood of survival.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Mertehikian, Yasmin, and Pilar Gonalons-Pons. 2022. "Work and Family Disadvantage: Mechanisms of Gender Gaps in Paid Work During the COVID-19 Pandemic." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-86.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Gonalons-Pons, Pilar, and Ioana Marinescu. 2022. "Care Labor Demand Shocks and Inequality: How Childcare Costs Exacerbate Inequality among American Families." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-85.
Pilar Gonalons-Pons (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was featured in Penn Today discussing the psychological and stress effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. “I don’t think anybody expected the pandemic itself to last so long, and for mitigation measures that are pretty effective to be so difficult to put into place,” says Pilar Gonalons-Pons.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Batyra, Ewa, Luca Maria Pesando, Andrés Castro, Frank Furstenberg, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Union Formation, Within-Couple Dynamics, and Child Well-Being in Global Comparative Perspective." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-84.
PSC and PARC Research Associates, Hans-Peter Kohler and Iliana Kohler, were featured in an LDI Research Update and Penn Today about the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families (MLSFH) and the role community leadership and trust in institutions played in shaping behavioral, economic and social responses to Covid-19 in a low-income sub-Saharan African context. Their new research paper entitled, Curtailing COVID-19 on a Dollar-a-Day in Malawi: Role of Community Leadership for Shaping Public Health and Economic Responses to the Pandemic in World Development, explores this topic using data from a phone survey they implemented in 2020.
Linda H. Aiken (PSC/PARC) was featured in an LDI Research Update on the Penn Nursing Transcontinental Implementation Science Project and the challenges posed by COVID-19. The project, Magnet4Europe, is essentially a framework and blueprint for the sweeping internal reorganization of a hospital’s clinical operations, staffing policies, internal communication practices, management philosophies, top-of-license teamwork integration, and problem-solving systems. The overall goal of the evidence-based intervention is to create and maintain a clinical working environment that systematically minimizes clinician stress and burnout, and improves patient care.
Image Caption: The University of Pennsylvania’s Linda Aiken, Co-Director of the Magnet4Europe project, addresses the Consortium’s first meeting of U.S. hospital program directors in Washington, D.C., on March 9, 2020. Within weeks, the COVID-19 pandemic had closed in, greatly complicating the massive research project’s operations.
Emilio A. Parrado (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was featured in Penn Today for his work in fostering the relationship between Penn and the Centro de Cultura Arte Trabajo y Educación. The goal of the collaboration is to enhance a thriving post-secondary success program and create mentoring opportunities.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Greenwood, Jeremy, Nezih Guner, and Karen Kopecky. 2022. "The Downward Spiral." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-83.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Kohler, Iliana, Nikkil Sudharsanan, Chiwoza Bandawe, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Aging and Hypertension Among the Global Poor—Panel Data Evidence from Malawi." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-82.
Molly Candon (PARC Research Associate) wrote an LDI blog post on the increase of insurance coverage in the U.S. for acupuncture to treat a variety of pain conditions. A recent study, published in JAMA Network Open, found that insurance coverage for acupuncturist visits is increasing nationally, which aligns with Medicare’s decision to cover acupuncture for low back pain.
Pilar Gonalons-Pons (PSC/PARC Research Associate) and Abby Alpert (PARC Research Associate) were awarded funding from the Penn LDI Small Grants Program 2022-23. Gonalons-Pons' project, "The Impact of Medicaid Policies on Long-Term Care Workers’ Economic Outcomes," will examine the role of government policy in shaping the economic conditions of this critical workforce by analyzing whether and how Medicaid long-term care policies shape care workers’ economic outcomes and job characteristics, in particular wages, access to benefits, schedule predictability, and union membership. Alpert's project, "The Effects of Prior Authorization on Medicaid Prescription Drug Access," will use a regression-discontinuity design to study the consequences of prior authorization policies on prescription drug access, as well as heterogeneous impacts across geographic areas and socio-demographic characteristics.
Abby Alpert (PARC Research Associate) was featured in Penn Today for new research published in The Quarterly Journal of Economics about the origins of the opioid epidemic. Alpert and co-authors examine the role of the 1996 introduction and marketing of OxyContin as a potential leading cause of the opioid crisis by leveraging cross-state variation in exposure to OxyContin's introduction due to a state policy that substantially limited the drug's early entry and marketing in select states.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Hanewald, Katja, Hazel Bateman, Hanming Fang, and Tin Long Ho. 2022. "Long-Term Care Insurance Financing Using Home Equity Release: Evidence from an Online Experimental Survey." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-81.
Peter Groeneveld (PARC Research Associate) publishes new research entitled "Coverage Denials: Government And Private Insurer Policies For Medical Necessity In Medicare" in the Health Affairs which was featured in a Penn LDI Blog about Health Care Access and Coverage.
Courtney Boen (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was featured in Penn Today for new research published in Demographic Research, which finds that for young people of color, contact with the system begins early and is incredibly widespread. Boen also co-authored an Op-ed in The Philadelphia Inquirer about school closings and policymakers' decisions in light of recent COVID-19 case spikes.
Congratulations to Pilar Gonalons-Pons (PSC/PARC Research Associate) for being nominated for the 2021 Rosabeth Moss Kanter International Award for Research Excellence in Work and Family for her article, "His and Her Earnings Following Parenthood in the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom." Alison Dunatchik, a Joint Demography & Sociology PhD Candidate, was also nominated for her research entitled, "Re-examining How Partner Co-presence and Multitasking Affect Parents’ Enjoyment of Childcare and Housework." The award is presented to the author(s) of the best research paper published in a given year. Gonalons-Pons and Dunatchik's work was recognized as two of 15 papers nominated from over 2,500 articles published in 2020, from around the world.
Allison K. Hoffman (PARC Research Associate) shared her expert legal opinion in Penn Today on the recent Supreme Court decision to block OSHA from requiring a vaccine mandate for employers with more than 100 employees. Hoffman was also quoted in NBC News, commenting on the lack of oversight and potential risks for pop-up testing sites.
Abby Alpert's (PARC Research Associate) new study titled "Origins of the Opioid Criris and its Enduring Impacts" is cited in a blog post on the Penn LDI website titled "The Origins of the Opioid Epidemic".
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Ciancio, Alberto, Jere Behrman, Fabrice Kämpfen, Iliana Kohler, Jürgen Maurer, Victor Mwapasa, and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2022. "Barker’s Hypothesis Among the Global Poor: Positive Long-term Cardiovascular Effects of In-utero Famine Exposure." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2022-80.
Norma B. Coe (PSC/PARC Research Associate) and Rachel Werner (PARC Research Associate) authored an LDI blog post entitled, "Family and Friends are the Invisible Workforce in Long-term Care," about their new research published in Health Affairs. These findings help to explain the stories of staffing shortages and burnout in nursing homes under COVID despite no apparent drop in staff hours, when visitor bans were one of the first policy responses to the outbreak. The bans essentially eliminated this invisible workforce, increasing the care demands on the staff, on top of the extra work of the COVID protocols and infections themselves.