PSC researcher, Mark V. Pauly, and co-authors have published a research brief with the Penn Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (Penn LDI) about the reduction of postacute care and cost.
According to analysis from John M. MacDonald and co-authors, the move decreased crime by 5 percent in the short term and 18 percent after 20-plus years. To curb gang violence in the 1990s, Los Angeles took an inventive approach, filing civil injunctions against gang “organizations.” Read more in Penn News and Journal of Quantitative Criminology.
Linda H. Aiken, Matthew D. McHugh and co-authors have authored a study in Health Affairs describing slow progress and uneven application in efforts to reduce medical errors. “Improving work environments through organization and culture change is a comparatively low-cost intervention to improve quality of care and patient safety,” says Aiken. Read more here, here and here.
Dirk Krueger, Professor of Economics and PSC researcher, has been appointed Walter H. and Leonore C. Annenberg Professor in the Social Sciences in a Penn Almanac article. Krueger is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a research fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research, London, and of Netspar, in Tilburg, Netherlands, and currently serves as managing editor of the Review of Economic Studies. At Penn, Dr. Krueger has served as department chair and graduate chair in economics, and as a member of the Penn Arts and Sciences Personnel Committee and Planning and Priorities Committee.
Four professors are joining the elite ranks of the National Academy of Medicine, elected for their “accomplishments and contributions to the advancement of the medical sciences, health care, and public health.” The new members are the Perelman School of Medicine’s Susan Domchek and Marie Celeste Simon, as well as Daniel Polsky and Rachel Werner, who also have appointments at Wharton.
In a Wednesday evening campus event, UCLA’s Kimberlé Crenshaw, PSC researcher Dorothy Roberts, and Brandeis University’s Anita Hill looked at the recent Supreme Court confirmation hearings, comparing them to the 1991 Clarence Thomas confirmation process. Hill called the Brett Kavanaugh hearings “a disservice to the American public.” Read more on Penn Today.
PSC researcher, Kevin G. Volpp was among the speakers for The Perelman School of Medicine’s Nudge Unit, Center for Health Care Innovation, and Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics co-sponsored first national “Nudge Units in Health Care Symposium,” where health care leaders from the U.S. and Canada unanimously agreed that Penn is well positioned to use behavioral science for creating better patient outcomes.
Some worry that recent Medicaid expansions exacerbate prescription-painkiller abuse, but a new study led by PSC researcher Atheendar Venkataramani of the Perelman School of Medicine suggests that Medicaid expansions actually have the opposite effect. By increasing access to treatment, Medicaid coverage reduces opioid abuse. More on Penn News Today and Penn Medicine News.
New research from PSC ressearcher, Olivia S. Mitchell, a Wharton professor of business economics and public policy, attempts to answer these questions. The paper, “Evaluating Lump Sum Incentives for Delayed Social Security Claiming,” was co-authored with Raimond Maurer, a finance professor at Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany. Mitchell, who also serves as director of Wharton’s Pension Research Council, recently appeared on the Knowledge@Wharton radio show on SiriusXM to discuss their findings.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Kulkarni, Veena, Vani Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha. 2018. "Aging, Disability and Disease in India." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2018-21.
Penn's top behavioral scientists are getting closer to discovering how to make lasting positive change in people's lives. In September, the Behavior Change for Good Initiative received a $2 million donation from 1983 Wharton graduate Marc J. Leder. Executive Director Dena Gromet said the leaders of BCFG are thrilled about the donation. The initiative, which was started two years ago by well known professors Angela Lee Duckworth and Katherine Milkman, aims to learn how behavioral science can teach people to be healthier, better educated, and more responsible with their finances. Read more here and here.
PSC researchers, David S. Mandell and Kevin G. Volpp, took part in a two day retreat convened by the University of Pennsylvania ALACRITY project and National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)-funded study of how behavioral economics principles might be applied to mental health services. More about this retreat can be found at Penn LDI News.
Just in case you missed the PSC's first 2018 Colloquium presentation by David Bravo (PSC & PARC Affiliiate) you can watch the PSC/PARC Spanish Colloquium where he discusses "The Quality of Life of Older Adults in Chile" ("Calidad de Vida de los Adultos Mayores en Chile"). Download the presentation slides in English and Spanish.
Olivia S. Mitchell and co-authors have published a new book titled How Persistent Low Returns Will Shape Saving and Retirement. Financial market developments over the past decade have undermined what was once thought to be conventional wisdom about saving, investment, and retirement spending. Read more here.
New study by Daniel E. Polsky and co-authors, National Variation in Opioid Prescribing and Risk of Prolonged Use for Opioid-Naive Patients Treated in the Emergency Department for Ankle Sprains, was mentioned in Time magazine and Abc News.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Yadav, Pratima, Vani Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha. 2018. "Growing Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases in India." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2018-20.
Tukufu Zuberi discussed Mandela’s legacy and his continuing impact today with Penn Today. It has been 100 years since the birth of Nelson Mandela, elected as South Africa’s first black president after being imprisoned by the apartheid government for nearly three decades. “Nelson Mandela made an international call for taking steps to build a strong nation in South Africa and a strong continent of nations,” Zuberi says.
Jason Karlawish's Forbes articles, "Why Bankers, Financial Analysts And Doctors Need To Start Working Together" and "Spend Some Money To Make Money, Or The Opportunities Of Whealthcare" were quoted in a U.S. Securities And Exchange Commossion's Office of the Investor Advocate June report.
Olivia S. Mitchell spoke at Centre for Research on the Economics of Ageing (CREA) at Singapore Management University (SMU)'s Lee Kong Chian School of Business' roundtable on ageing and financial preparedness in Singapore.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Furstenberg, Frank 2018. "American Kinship Reconsidered." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2018-19.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Pandey, Manoj, Vani Kulkarni, and Raghav Gaiha. 2018. "Aging, Depression, Non-Communicable Diseases and Disabilities in South Africa." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC), 2018-18.
Kevin Volpp spoke at the NEJM Catalyst event Patient Behavior Change: Building Blocks for Success, held at Duke University.
LInda Aiken and co-authors have published a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine calling for the mordernization in the way Medicare pays for training nurses and highlighting a successful new model of cost-effectively training more advanced practice nurses to practice community-based primary care (Penn Nursing News).
Research by Daniel Polsky and co-authors, Comparison Of Hospitals Participating In Medicare’s Voluntary And Mandatory Orthopedic Bundle Programs, published in Health Affairs was quoted in a Penn Medicine article on mandatory bundled-payment medicare programs.
Joseph Kable and co-authors have published an article in the Journal of Neuroscience about choices adolescents make in relation to brain development.
Olivia Mitchell and co-authors' research, "Borrowing from the Future: 401(k) Plan Loans and Loan Defaults," was quoted in a Nasdaq article on 401(k) loans
Olivia Mitchell's article, "Simplifying Choices in Defined Contribution Retirement Plan Design," was quoted in a Forbes article about investments and saving for the future.
Congratulations to PSC research associate Courtney Boen for being awarded the best dissertation award from the ASA Section on Mental Health for her dissertation “Inequality ‘Under the Skin’: Stress & the Biodemography of Racial Health Disparities Across the Life Course.”
Latinos face a growing caregiver shortage, especially as the number living with Alzheimer’s is on the rise. G. Adriana Perez (left) of the School of Nursing examined the potential of the CARE Act to positively affect Latino older adults by helping their caregivers manage the transition from hospital to home. Read her Penn LDI article for more information.
Kevin Volpp and co-authors' paper, Using Active Choice Within the Electronic Health Record to Increase Influenza Vaccination Rates, was quoted in a Harvard Business Review article on the best flu prevention methods.
Congratulations to PARC Researcher Rachel Werner, on earning the 2018 Excellence in Teaching Award for her work in the Master of Science in Health Policy (MSHP) program.
Congratulations to PSC Researcher Kevin Volpp on his appointment as Penn's inaugural Founders President's Distinguished Professor!
Congratulations to Monica King on winning the IPUMS Research Award for her paper Under The Hood: Revealing Patterns Of Motor Vehicle Fatalities In The United States!.
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Ashraf, Nava; Natalie Bau; Corinne Low; and Kathleen McGinn (2018). “Negotiating a Better Future: How Interpersonal Skills Facilitate Inter-generational Investment.” University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC) WP2018-17.
Jordan Weiss was awarded an internship with the National Institute on Aging's Laboratory of Epidemiology & Population Science as part of the Summer Trainee in Aging Research Program. Jordan will expand on his current work in biodemography and epidemiology, and focus on concepts related to frailty and life course determinants of cognitive aging. Jordan was also recently awarded the President Gutmann Leadership Award.
Onoso Imoagene has published new research on "Stepping up Your Game: Workplace Experiences of Second-Generation Nigerians in the USA" in the Journal of International Migration and Integration.
Mark Pauly and fellow Penn professors have published a book titled "Managing Discovery in the Life Sciences: Harnessing Creativity to Drive Biomedical Innovation,” which explores importing both scientific knowledge and business acumen for launching scientific discovery into a billion dollar market. The book has its origins in the Roy and Diana Vagelos Program in Life Science and Management (LSM), a dual-degree offering by the School of Arts and Sciences and the Wharton School. Read more about the book in a Penn news article here.
Joseph Kable and his co-authors' research on risk tolerance linked to amygdala and prefrontal cortex brain regions has just been published in Neuron, Forbes and Penn News. The structure and function of the brain—specifically the amygdala, the prefrontal cortex, and the connections between the two—are linked to how willing a person is to take risks, according to their new research. “It’s a feature of decision-making,” Kable says, “that has manifold effects throughout the lifespan.”
New Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC): Pesando, Luca Maria and Alejandra Abufhele (2018). "Household Determinants of Teen Marriage and Childbearing: Sister Effects Across Four Low- and Middle-Income Countries." University of Pennsylvania Population Center Working Paper (PSC/PARC) WP2018-16.
A Next City article mentions study by John MacDonald of the School of Arts and Sciences and others pointing to the value of reviving vacant and abandoned city lots. The researchers concluded that land restoration “can be an effective and scalable infrastructure intervention for gun violence, crime, and fear in urban neighborhoods.” Read more about the article and study here and here.
A study by Samuel Preston and Irma Elo uses nationally representative data to estimate the mortality hazards associated with diabetes, combining those hazards with the prevalence of diabetes to estimate the fraction of deaths attributable to diabetes and its effect on life expectancy. Evaluating the impact of diabetes on age-specific mortality may be salient in identifying the effect of rising obesity levels on US mortality and its contribution to racial/ethnic mortality disparities. Read more about this project here.
LDI Senior Fellows Douglas Wiebe and Mitesh Patel of the Perelman School of Medicine and Hans-Peter Kohler of the School of Arts and Sciences are using pilot grants to test concepts ranging from the support of Philadelphia's effort to launch the first safe injection site to the effect of survival perceptions on HIV patients and the change of physician behavior. Read LDI article here.
The Knowledge@Wharton show on SiriusXM channel 111 recently invited Janice Bellace, Wharton professor of legal studies and business ethics; Janice Madden, professor of regional science and sociology at the University of Pennsylvania and a real estate professor at Wharton; and Thorgerdur Einarsdottir, professor of gender studies at the University of Iceland, to discuss the issues surrounding pay equality.
Many scholars, like many moms, believe that baby fat exists to keep infants warm. But the conventional wisdom, explained in Sapiens and Slate by Morgan Hoke of the School of Arts and Sciences, is not true. It turns out that the excess fat acts as an energy reserve for the brain, aiding its development while also warding off diseases.
Last week Penn's Institute on Aging and the Population Aging Research Center co-hosted Dr. Anne Newman as a part of the Visiting Scholars Series. The talk, titled What does it take to live a long and healthy life, covered several variables that impact the stages of aging and living healthy later in life. Irma T. Elo also participated in discussion about U.S. Life Expectancy as it is effected by obesity and the opioid epidemic. Take a look at some photos from the event!
During the past 20 years, Hans-Peter Kohler of the School of Arts and Sciences has investigated how social, epidemiological and demographic factors affect people in Malawi. His is a rare example of a longitudinal study focused on a population in a low-income nation that has had to confront stressors like famine and AIDS. Read the Omnia article here.
Research led by professor Samuel Preston and Penn alum Andrew Stokes of the School of Arts and Sciences measured the impact of rising obesity on mortality rates in the United States, based on the maximum body mass index of individuals between 1988 and 2011. They found that the obesity epidemic is to blame for preventing the U.S. from fully benefitting from factors that could lower mortality rates, such as medical advancements and reductions in smoking. Read article here.
The end of the individual mandate requiring Americans to purchase insurance looms large, but it’s not the only administrative change that the health care sector will see in the coming year, according to Mark Pauly. He and Robert Field looked at the future of Medicare, drug prices and health care job prospects on Knowledge@Wharton. (Audio)
Patient satisfaction is closely linked to the number of nurses on wards, according to a study led by Linda Aiken of the School of Nursing, published in the journal BMJ Open. In a Penn Nursing news release, Aiken is quoted discussing the details of the recent article "Patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses in England: an observational study".
Pictured above from left to right: Jeffrey Lin, Iourii Manovskii, Mallick Hossain, and Keith Sill.
Learn about our new partner, the Philadelphia Federal Statistical Research Data Center. Speakers at the opening celebration included: Nancy Potok, Chief Statistician of the United States, Ron Jarmin, Performing the Nonexclusive Functions and Duties of the Director of the U.S. Census Bureau, Keith Sill, Senior Vice President and Director, Real-Time Research Data Center, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, and PSC Research Associate Iourii Manovskii, Associate Professor of Economics and Co-Director, Philadelphia FSRDC, University of Pennsylvania. PSC Director Herbert L. Smith and PARC Director Irma T. Elo were also in attendance, along with George Mailath, Chair of Economics and ex officio member of the PSC Executive Committee, and Monica King, ADRF Director, representing the PSC's "big data" initiative. Read the press release here.
Americans are more likely than ever before to enter retirement carrying debt, which leaves them vulnerable to rising interest rates. Olivia Mitchell emphasizes the importance of the housing market and easier mortgage products as factors in driving this debt increase in older households. Read the column and her study here.
Before winter break Michel Guillot assembled a team of experts to meet about the newly funded NICHD research project Global Age Patterns of Under 5 Mortality. The group is compromised of researchers from institutions across the globe including the United Nations, Johns Hopkins University and the Institut national d'études démographiques (Ined). There will be more information about this project in the coming weeks, but for now be sure to read the project description online here.