This week Victor Mwapasa and Chiwoza Bandawe from the University of Malawi College of Medicine visited the University of Pennsylvania. Hans-Peter and Iliana Kohler have written with Victor and Chiwoza about the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health for several years. The group's research has focused on the relationship between HIV prevalance, transmission and disclosure and family health. Recently Hans-Peter, Iliana, Chiwoza, and Colin Payne authored a paper about the Demography of Mental Health Among Mature Adults in a Low-Income, High-HIV-Prevalence Context. This summer a team of researchers including Penn PhD students went to Malawi to train and do data collection. The collaborators will meet on Friday to discuss current research and the PSC coud not be more pleased to host them.
The Department of Health and Human Services has finalized revisions to the Common Rule. The final Rule was published on January 19, 2017 and goes into effect on January 19, 2018. The purpose of revising the Common Rule is to better protect human research subjects while reducing administrative burden and delay in the IRB approval process. It is anticipated that the revised Common Rule will simplify and enhance the current institutional review board process. For more details about the new rules and to participate in a one question survey please go to the IRB & Human Subjects page on the PSC website.
Michel Guillot has recently been awarded two NICHD grants. One looks at Mobility, Selectivity and the Migrant Mortality Advantage, while the other explores Global Age Patterns of Under-five Mortality.
PSC Colloquium Recordings
This week the PSC had the distinct honor of hosting Dr. Jennie E. Brand, Associate Professor of Community Health Sciences from the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health as part of the PSC Fall 2017 Colloquium Series. Watch a recording of her talk "Unequal Families, Unequal Effects: How Parental Divorce Differentially Impacts Children’s Educational Attainment," on our YouTube channel. Let us know if you are speaking and want us to record and share your talk via YouTube.
Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites. Google Scholar profiles are searchable by using the hidden menu icon in the top left of the google scholar window (three horizontal lines). Later this year Google Scholar profiles will be linked on the PSC website. We encourage you to create one and ask for help if you need it. For more information about metric details and how to make your own scholar profile visit the Penn Libraries Google Scholar guide.
Global Family Change
A few weeks ago Hans-Peter Kohler (PI) and Frank Furstenberg (Co-PI) embarked on a journey to better understand the complex ways in which families are changing across the world. Global Family Change (GFC) is an NSF funded project that will explore how families change on a global scale and will build a wealth of data to share. If you weren't able to make it to Luca Maria Pesando's, talk "Global Family Change: The Reshaping of Society's Most Fundamental Institution with Development" last week you are in luck! The presentation, followed by a lively discussion, is now available on our YouTube channel.
Early Career Investigators share a bite!
Chenoa Flippen (at the head, speaking) convened a meeting of early career scientists at the PSC in effort to facilitate better support and develop professional activities. Pictured above from left to right is Janeria Easley, Sandra Florian, Ilka Vari-Lavoisier, Alex Shpenev, Alberto Ciancio, Monica King, Hyejeong Jo, Soo-Yeon Yoon and Romeo Gansey.
Irma Elo, Pekka Martikainen & Mikko Aaltonen authored Children’s educational attainment, occupation, and income and their parents’ mortality which was published this week in Population Studies
Penn Green Campus Partnership invites the Penn Community to come together for its annual ReThink Your Footprint campaign to promote waste minimization efforts. ReThink Your Footprint raises awareness of already-established waste minimization programs and initiatives in this area, inspires students, staff, and faculty to create new activities related to source reduction and recycling, and encourages everyone to rethink their footprint. Be sure to check out ReThink Your Footprint page for all of next weeks events, tips, and tools to minimize your waste in the office.
PSC Colloquium Video
This week the PSC hosted Peter Catron, a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Sociology and the Population Studies Center. His talk, The Citizenship Advantage: Immigration Socioeconomic Attainment across Generations in the Age of Mass Migration, went into detail about matching individuals across censuses and the role citizenship and naturalization played in the lives of migrants' and their children in the early 20th century.
Writing and Designing Grant Proposals: NIH & NSF Workshops
These one-day focused workshops address essential NIH or NSF research resources, as well as the conversion of ideas into fundable research. The training covers the overall strategic plan for writing proposals, including: statement of significance, hypothesis, specific aims, approach, key personnel, and budgets. Instructors will engage you in interactive exercises, lectures, and discussions so you can better understand how to research, write, and develop your individual research proposals. The workshops aims to help young investigators and senior researchers seeking to acquire the techniques to research, draft winning grant proposals, polish existing skills and receive updates about funding trends. More information about the Grant Training Center workshops about NIH, NSF and other proposals here.
Teacher Training & Early Education in Ghana.
On Tuesday, October 10th PSC Research Associates Sharon Wolf and Jere R. Behrman accompanied by experts from New York University and Innovations for Poverty Action-Ghana. They presented findings from two rigorous studies on teacher training and efforts to improve early childhood education. Members of the audience included representatives from Ghana Education Services, Ministry of Education, the World Bank, and other key stakeholders. “What we found was that the in-service teacher training improved the number of play-based, child-friendly activities teachers used and improved the quality of teacher-child interactions,” said Dr. Sharon Wolf, Assistant Professor of Psychology and Human Development at the University of Pennsylvania and principal investigator for the study. “The program also reduced teacher burnout, as well as teacher turnover in the private sector,” Wolf added. Read the full article here.
PSC Colloquium Video
This week the PSC hosted Alberto Ciancio who presented about the effect of immigration policies on Local Enforcement, Crime and Policing Efficiency. Watch the video below to hear more about the process of deportation in the United States and the relationship between different stakeholders.
Black Deaths Matter: Race, Relationship Loss, and Effects on Survivors
At the PSC Colloquium this week we had the opportunity to host Debra J. Umberson Professor of Sociology at The University of Texas at Austin who discussed her ongoing research on racial disadvantages including how social ties impact health. Her moving talk this week, “Black Deaths Matter: Race, Relationship Loss, and Effects on Survivors,” addressed in part how historical racial inequalities impact life expectancy for African-Americans and in particular focused on how the stress associated with the death of family members, bereavement, and loss over the life course contributes to cumulative disadvantages for Black Americans. Unfortunately, we do not have a video to share (due to technical difficulties), but please read her related paper:Umberson, D. et al. 2017. “Death of Family Members as an Overlooked Source of Racial Disadvantage in the United States.” PNAS 114(5):915-920.
Last month Jere R. Behrman and colleagues presented the Lancet report "Supporting early childhood development: form science to large-scale application." According to the study, an alarming 43% of children under the age of 5 living in low and middle income countries are at risk of inadequate development due to poverty and stunting. These negative effects extend to adulthood and the results are low economic income and the generation of social tensions. It is estimated that people affected by a bad start in life suffer a loss of about a quarter of the average annual income in adulthood, while countries can lose up to double their current expenditure on Gross Domestic Product in health and education. Important stakeholders including the Minister of Development and Social Includion, Fiorella Mollinelli, and the UNICEF representative for Peru, Maria Luisa Fornara attended the presentation. Photos of the event can be found at the UNICEF Peru Facebook Page.
The Behavioral Evidence Hub is a database of community-contributed behavioral science projects that offers a platform to share applicable, usable, and effective research strategies. It is a new way for researchers to disseminate findings seamlessly with other problem-solvers across the globe. B-Hub bridges the longstanding gap between research and the real world by collecting evidence-based, behaviorally-informed solutions and bringing them directly to the people who can put them to work. Learn more here.
Over the course of the past few years Hyunjoon Park, Jere Behrman, and Jaesung Choi have written about the relationship between single-sex schools students' STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) health outcomes. Recently a 2012 Working Paper about this topic was listed on SSRN's Top 10 download list for: Gender in the Global Research Landscape.
In a forthcoming version of the article Park, Behrman and Choi discuss the assignment of students into single-sex vs. coeducational high schools in Seoul, South Korea which provides an interesting context to study causal effects of single-sex schools.
Be sure to read a new announcement from the NIH about publication compliance and recommended journals that comply with the NIH Public Access Policy. The Population Studies Center's Guide to the NIH Public Access Policy includes a list of ways the PSC Staff can assist with compliance.
The PSC Information Services Staff (Nykia Perez Kibler & Shannon Crane) can assist with interpreting journal guidelines regarding the NIH Public Access Policy (will they deposit, do you have to deposit yourself, and if so, what version do you have permission to deposit?). They can also provide guidance on how to deposit and navigate the NIHMS system. They can communicate with publishers about compliance with funding guidelines and create a list of your PMCID's. PSC Administrative (Julia Crane) & Business Staff (Mary Burns) can assist you with obtaining grant numbers for your funding and help you determine if your funding is "direct". If you have any questions about the NIH Public Access Policy, publishing, or funder compliance please send an email to email@example.com.
Ring in the new year with a resolution to use R more! Who are we? We are a few women in Philadelphia who use R and wanted to have a friendly community to extend our R skills and network with other women R users. We learned about the international R-Ladies community and decided to try it in our city. Anyone with an interest in R is welcome. You can be an R expert or novice. When? This January will be the first meeting. We plan to have an informal mixer to introduce ourselves and find out what topics are of the most interest for future meetings. After this first meeting, we hope to start a monthly schedule of interactive workshops led by volunteers. If you have anything you want to share, a problem you are working on, or an idea for a collaborative project, we want to hear about it! If you are completely new to R, bring your computer, and we can walk you through setting up R and RStudio or answer any setup questions you have been working through.
Irma Elo's recent paper in SSM-Population Health (with Mehta, Stenholm, Aromaa, Heliövaara, and Koskinen) "International Differences in the Risk of Death from Smoking and Obesity: The case of the United States and Finland" is featured on the Research Spotlights web page of the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) and in the monthly newsletter.
Alison Buttenheim is cited in a new article written by Isabel Fattal in The Atlantic about the complexities of policy change as it relates to school start times. Although people are not in agreement about what time high school should actually start, it is clear that many are slow to challenge the status quo. Buttenheim and a team of researchers wrote "Applying behavioral insights to delay school start times" published in Sleep Health. They suggest 4 strategies to influence decision-making processes and demonstrate how they can be applied to efforts aimed at changing school start time policies. Read the Atlantic article here.
Like listening to podcasts? Interested in global issues? Check out Hot & Bothered, a new climate politics podcast co-hosted by Daniel Aldana Cohen. Also be sure to listen to The Global Cable, the official podcast of Perry World House. Episodes include conversations with policy experts, global leaders, and Penn faculty.
The Price Lab for Digital Humanities sponsors informal R learning group for members of the Penn community meets on Fridays from 10am until 11:30am in the WIC Seminar Room (Van Pelt 124.) No experience is required. Feel free to come every week, or to drop in as you are able. We welcome faculty, staff, postdocs, graduate students, undergraduate students, and anyone else who is part of the University community. We especially welcome real-life data problems for group consultation. For the topic schedule, blog and details see the Use-R Group website.
Kevin Volpp and David Mandell will lead the new NIMH-funded Penn ALACRITY Center. The Penn ALACRITY Center—one of two NIMH-funded Advanced Laboratories for Accelerating the Reach and Impact of Treatments for Youth and Adults with Mental Illness—will launch with three projects to enhance treatment for people served through publicly-funded mental health systems. For more information about the new center and projects click here.
Kevin Volpp and co-authors have published an article in Harvard Business Review on improving patient care while reducing doctor's workloads. This article is based on a journal article published Kevin Volpp and co-authors titled "Technology and Medicine: Reimagining Provider Visits as the New Tertiary Care" in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Read both article here and here.
The Nell J. Watts Lifetime Achievement in Nursing Award is given to a Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI) Honor Society of Nursing member who has demonstrated exemplary achievements in nursing throughout his or her lifetime. Linda H. Aiken is director and founder of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at Penn’s School of Nursing. Its RN4CAST, one of the center’s projects and based on her research, is the largest study of its kind on nursing care and patient outcomes in the US, Europe, Asia, South Africa, Australia, and Chile. It has been implemented in 30 countries and funded by many sources, including the National Institutes of Health and the European Commission.
Camille Z. Charles, Walter H. and Leonore C. Annenberg Professor in the Social Sciences, presented at the School of Arts & Sciences Penn Lightbulb Cafe on the topic, "The Real Record on Racial Attitudes".
Issues of race and racial division have been prominent features of social organization and culture in the United States from as far back as the historical record goes. As a leading scholar in American race relations, Dr. Charles maps the major divisions of, and trends in, U.S. racial attitudes, and documents both significant progressive changes as well as substantial enduring frictions and conflicts that continue to make race such a fraught terrain. She will tackle the conceptually broad and analytically powerful record which is a strong caution against glib generalities that attempt to reduce an enormously multifaceted social phenomenon to simplistic catch phrases like “racist America,” “the end of racism” or, more recently, “post-racial America.”
Richard Berk of the School of Arts & Sciences is quoted in a Washington Post article about crime that occurs on a local level. He says, "Some cities that have more problems than others, and in those cities some neighborhoods have more problems than others, and to talk about national anything is just politics."
Courtney Boen has received the graduate student paper award from ASA's Section of Aging and the Life Course at the annual meeting in Montreal. Her paper is entitled, "The role of socioeconomic factors in Black-White health inequities across the life course: Point-in-time measures, long-term exposures, and differential health returns," and can be read here.
Emilio Parrado has recently been elected to the Sociological Research Association (SRA). The Association elects up to 14 new members annually. The SRA is an honor society of sociological scholars which was founded in 1936.
Dennis Culhane comments on a new Zillow study on how rising rents drive up homelessness rates in LA Times article.
Camille Charles of the School of Arts & Sciences says in a Penn News and a Philadelphia Inquirer article, “There’s really no empirical support of this notion of reverse racism or reverse discrimination. It comes from an oversimplified understanding of what makes a good college student [that is] relying entirely on GPA and test scores.”
In a new study, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research (CHOPR), and the Rutgers University School of Nursing examined the factors influencing the likelihood of missed nursing care in the home care setting. Their findings indicate that home care nurses with poor work environments are more likely to miss required care. Read Linda Aiken's co-authored paper here.
Jason Schnittker is featured in a Penn News article about his new book The Diagnostic System: Why the Classification of Psychiatric Disorders Is Necessary, Difficult, and Never Settled.
Dennis Culhane, in a Penn News article, discusses actionable Intelligence for Social Policy, or AISP, a joint effort between the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy & Practice and Graduate School of Education, will launch a training and technical assistance program for state and local governments interested in developing integrated data systems, or IDS.
David Mandell of the Perelman School of Medicine weighs in in a Washington Post article on an employee’s email that went viral about taking a mental-health day. He says, "People are talking about this a lot in the context of mental health, but perhaps an equally important point is that our culture around work in the U.S. may not be particularly healthy.” Read more here.
Joseph Kable and co-authors at the University of Pennsylvania have publish a study that, not only did commercial brain training with Lumosity™ have no effect on decision-making, it also had no effect on cognitive function beyond practice effects on the training tasks. During the last decade, commercial brain-training programs have risen in popularity, offering people the hope of improving their cognitive abilities through the routine performance of various “brain games” that tap cognitive functions such as memory, attention and cognitive flexibility. Ready the study in Journal of Neuroscience and Penn Today.
Penn News features the Quartet Pilot Program winners and the program is discussed by Irma Elo and Kevin Volpp: Six Research Projects at Penn Bolstered Through Quartet Pilot Competition Funding.
Sarah Tishkoff participated this month in a World Science Festival Event: The Evolution of Evolution. Click watch to view the panel discussion.
Dorothy Roberts and Sarah Tishkoff are featured on the University website this week after speaking about the relationship between genetic classifications and race.
Congratulations to Grace Kao on being elected Vice President of the American Sociological Association.
Six faculty members from different schools at the University of Pennsylvania are taking their research one step further, with support from the annual Quartet Pilot Research Project Competition. Hanming Fang, whose project, “Long-term Care Financing Using Home-equity Release,” evaluates how aging people in China can receive long-term care in their homes and use housing wealth to fund its costs.
Courtney Elizabeth Boen, who joins the Department of Sociology in July, will be working on the project, “Biological Risk, Physical Functioning and Psychosocial Stress Among Older-age Hispanics,” which uses nationally representative, longitudinal data to examine the physical well-being of senior Hispanics relative to other populations and to further assess the stress-related pathways underlying health disparities. Read more on Penn Today.
In a new study, Linda Aiken and fellow researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia found that pediatric nurses with poor work environments and higher patient loads are more likely to miss required care. Read research paper here.
Yana Vierboom authors a new working paper in the PSC/PARC Working Paper series in the Scholarly Commons entitled "The Contribution of Differences in Adiposity to Educational Disparities in Mortality in the United States."
Linda Aiken co-authored a paper about the importance of nurses with doctorates in the healthcare system. The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) was the first school to implement the idea for an integrated BSN to PhD program to accelerate education opportunities for the next generation of nurse researchers. Penn Nursing’s BSN-PhD program includes a clinical nurse fellowship in partnership with the University of Pennsylvania Health System. The program is detailed in this article.
Babatunde Osotimehin, Executive Director of the UN Population Fund, who was the recent keynote speaker at the Perry World House Global Shifts Conference (pictured here with PSC Director Herb Smith) has died. He was a strong advocate of reproductive and population health. He is already missed.
Behrman, Elo, Hannum, Tishkoff named among the inaugural recipients of the Dean's Global Inquiries Fund.
Last week students, staff and faculty gathered to celebrate the influential and wonderful Grace Kao at the University of Pennsylvania! Kao has been a Professor of Sociology, Education, and Asian American Studies since 1997 and has touched the lives of many. Grace will soon be moving to Yale so to say goodbye and good luck a few of her students and colleagues shared words of encouragement and gratefulness. Thank you, Grace, for all that you have done here and we wish you the best! Here are some photos.
Onoso Imoagene spoke with Omnia last week about her new book "Beyond Expectations: Second-Generation Nigerians in the United States and Britain."
Last week it was the pleasure of many esteemed colleagues to gather for a presentation about the Challenge of Cities in honor of Janice Madden's retirement. The talks were followed by a lively cocktail party to celebrate Janice's long and fruitful career. Feel free to take a look at the wonderful photos (credit to Marcus Wright) https://photos.google.com/share/AF1QipP0jAj67eVi3EfKW5CBrUSZ4KW1DX0CBrRh9DDyT7AQf6VlZb1LMYfkrTaNWOIbgQ?key=YjZxMUhRNXk0U3ZqOFhZTnNoX0RSRUFxMGxGbUNR
The special seminar put together as part of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI) 50th Anniversary year, featured the three previous executive directors of the LDI, along with CHOPR’s Director and Founder, Linda H. Aiken, PhD, RN. Moderated by current LDI Executive Director Daniel Polsky, PhD, Aiken was joined by David Asch, MD, J. Sanford Schwartz, MD and Mark Pauly, PhD.
Herb Smith, director of the Population Studies Center, co-authored a paper at Session 147 Improving Health and Mortality Measures this year at PAA.
Angela Duckworth, the Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, will give the Baccalaureate Ceremony address during Penn’s 2017 Commencement. The Baccalaureate Ceremony is a 50-minute interfaith program that includes music, readings, prayers and a guest speaker. There will be two ceremonies held on Sunday, May 14, in Irvine Auditorium to accommodate all who wish to attend, at 1:30 and 3:00 p.m. Read more in Penn Today.
Corinne Low and doctoral student Jennie Huang of the Wharton School are highlighted in Philadelphia Inquirer and the Washington Post for researching gender differences in negotiating patterns after the election of Donald Trump. Read the Washington Post article, Philadelphia Inquirer article, and their study.
Jere R. Behrman, the W. R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Economics and Sociology and Research Associate of the Population Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania, received the biennial Irene B. Taeuber 2017 award at the Population Association of America Annual Meetings in Chicago on 28 April. The Irene B. Taeuber award is presented in recognition of an unusually original or important contribution to the scientific study of population, or for an accumulated record of exceptionally sound and innovative research. Behrman’s research is in empirical micro economics, economic development, early childhood development, labor economics, human resources (education, training, health, nutrition), economic demography, household behaviors, life-cycle and intergenerational relations and policy evaluation. His network of collaborators spans the globe, ranges across multiple disciplines, and includes scholars from all career stages. He has published 415 articles in leading demographic, economic, sociology, public health, nutritional and biomedical journals and 35 books, and served on 157 Ph.D. dissertation committees.
Penn faculty and alumni were very present during the awards ceremony: Jere R. Behrman was presented the Irene B. Taeuber award (by Douglas Massey, a Penn alumnus). The Dorothy Swaine Thomas award is named after a former Penn faculty and first woman president of the American Sociological Association. The Harriet B. Presser award recipient, Frances Goldscheider, is a Penn alumna; so too is Robert J. Lapham award recipient was Cheikh Mbacke, a Penn alumnus. Cheikh could not attend, so this award was accepted by Ayagah Bawah, another Penn alumnus. Penn News also covered this occassion.
Photo credit: Art Antonik
PSC Research Associate Irma Elo, on behalf of PAA’s Committee on Population Statistics, convened a group of experts on race/ethnicity to a meeting at the Population Reference Bureau in Washington, DC to give feedback to Census Bureau staff on the Bureau’s 2015 National Content Test research for improving data collection on race/ethnicity.
Demography Ph.D. candidate Jeylan Erman's article, "Parental Separation and School Performance Among Children of Immigrant Mothers in Sweden," has been published in the European Journal of Population.
Angela Duckworth is cited in New York Times article "What Does It Take to Climb Up the Ladder?"
Kathryn Bowles has been selected for induction to the International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame.
Emilio Parrado and Tukufu Zuberi are featured in a video from the Immigration and Global Inequality Panel.
Angela Duckworth is interviewed in Forbes "A passion is more developed than it is discovered".
Jere Behrman participated this week in the Mexican launch of the 2017 Lancet Series on Early Childhood Development at the Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City. The audience was about 400 people from academia, the Mexican government including the Ministers of Health and Finance, international organizations, and the press. Jere Behrman and Rafael Peres-Escamilla, Professor of Epidemiology at Yale, gave the presentation after Gilles Bergson, Director of the Sackler Institute at the New Your Academy of Science, introduced them (photo: Jere Behrman on the left, Gilles Bergson on the right, and Rafael on the far right). This is one of about 10 launches of this series worldwide – Behrman has also participated in launches in India in October and in Chile in December 2016. This the third Lancet Series on Early Childhood Development; Jere Behrman was a co-author in the 2007 and 2011 Lancet Series, which have had considerable impact in making early childhood development a much higher priority on the global agenda and the agendas of many countries. The current series estimates that about 250 million children under five years of age in low- and medium-income countries are at risk of not fulfilling their potential, with substantial costs to society, and evaluates alternatives for alleviating this problem. To learn more about other Lancet series on Early Childhood Development click here.
Herb Smith and Emilio Parrado participated in the experts meetings for the Global Shifts Conference at Perry World House. The two-day conference is structured to advance substantive, policy-relevant work and public awareness around the pressing global challenges at the intersections of urbanization, migration and demography. Displacement to development: How marginalization and inequality shape Global Shifts, is an invitation-only experts meeting, convening a select group of scholars, policymakers, and practitioners for a series of substantive conversations looking at the ways in which marginalization and inequality shape global shifts. Smith was a discussant with the keynote speaker Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund. In the afternoon Emilio Parrado discussed strengthening urban inclusion of refugee and migrant populations with Ahmet İçduygu, Kathleen Newland, Anne Richard, and Hilmar von Lojewski.
Journalists Charles Blow and Joy Reid joined Camille Charles at the 16th Annual Martin Luther King Jr. Lecture in Social Justice on Jan. 30 at 5:30 p.m. in the Zellerbach Auditorium of the Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts. Blow is an op-ed columnist at The New York Times. Reid is a national correspondent at MSNBC and host of "AM Joy." A wide-ranging conversation explored social-justice topics in light of the presidential election. The event is part of Penn’s 22nd Annual Martin Luther Jr. Symposium for Social Change sponsored by Penn’s Center for Africana Studies, Annenberg School for Communication and Office of the President.
Dean Steven J. Fluharty is pleased to announce the appointment of two faculty members in Penn Arts and Sciences to endowed chairs.
Camille Charles, professor of sociology, Africana studies, and education, has been appointed Walter H. and Leonore C. Annenberg Professor in the Social Sciences. Charles is a distinguished scholar of the sociology of race and education. Her seminal book, Won’t You Be My Neighbor: Race, Class and Residence in Los Angeles, serves as a frequently-cited resource for scholars and students of racial residential segregation. Her coauthored works, The Source of the River: The Social Origins of Freshmen at America’s Selective Colleges and Universities and the follow-up study, Taming the River: Negotiating the Academic, Financial, and Social Currents in Selective Colleges and Universities, examine the educational origins of inequality and the possibilities for higher education to counteract social disadvantage. Her expertise as a quantitative researcher has positioned her to advise institutions of higher education on issues of inequality and its metrics. Charles has served as chair of the University Faculty Senate and the Department of Africana Studies, as the director of the Center for Africana Studies, and as a member of the Provost’s Faculty Council on Access and Achievement and the Penn Arts and Sciences Planning and Priorities Committee, Diversity Council, and Africa Planning Group.
Angela Duckworth has been named Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Psychology. Duckworth is an internationally-recognized scholar of positive psychology and the psychology of achievement. She is widely known for her role in developing and advancing the concepts of grit—the ability to maintain effort toward long-term goals—and self-control as factors in the pursuit and attainment of valued goals. Duckworth’s own passion is to use psychological science to help children thrive. She is a prolific author whose research is published in leading scientific journals, including the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Proceedings of the National Academy of Psychology, and the Journal of Positive Psychology. Her first book, Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance, debuted as an immediate New York Times bestseller, reaching #1 on both the Education and Business lists. Duckworth is the recipient of a MacArthur “genius grant” fellowship. She is also founder and scientific director of the Character Lab, a nonprofit located on Penn’s campus whose mission is to advance the science and practice of character development.