Stokes, Andrew C., Dielle J. Lundberg, Jacob Bor, Irma T. Elo, Katherine Hempstead, Samuel H. Preston. 2021. Association of Health Care Factors With Excess Deaths Not Assigned to COVID-19 in the U.S. JAMA Network Open.
"Approximately 20% of excess deaths in the US in 2020 were not reflected in COVID-19 death counts. These excess deaths included deaths caused by COVID-19 but not assigned to it as well as indirect deaths from other causes associated with delays in health care and the social and economic consequences of the pandemic. Prior research has documented differences in the percentage of excess deaths not assigned to COVID-19 at the state and county levels. In this study, we examined health care factors associated with excess deaths not assigned to COVID-19 at the county level."
Irma Elo (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was quoted in an NBC News article discussing causes in the decline in life expectancy in the US. The particular impact the pandemic had on Hispanic and Black Americans "reflects the inequalities that were present before the pandemic that have to do with unequal access to health care and racial and ethnic disparities in health more generally, which largely have to do with socioeconomic disadvantages," said Irma Elo
Irma T. Elo (PSC/PARC Research Associate), Samuel H. Preston (PSC/PARC Research Associate), and Andrew Stokes (GGD Alumnus) co-authored a new article published in PLOS Medicine entitled, "COVID-19 and Excess Mortality in the United States: A County-level Analysis." Read more about it in the Boston University Press Release.
Research by Irma T. Elo (PSC/PARC Research Associate) was cited in a Population Reference Bureau (PRB) article, "High Obesity Rates Plus Severe Coronavirus Cases Could Strain Rural U.S. Hospitals."
Irma T. Elo (PSC/PARC Research Associate), Samuel H. Preston (PSC/PARC Research Associate) and Andrew Stokes (GGD alumni) were featured in a Penn Today article about calculating excess mortality from the COVID-19 pandemic. Their research, available as a preprint on medRxiv, examines excess deaths at the county level, allowing the researchers to look at how patterns of excess deaths vary by demographic and structural factors.
Irma T. Elo (PSC/PARC Research Associate) and Emilio Parrado (PSC/PARC Research Associate) are among a group of researchers featured in a Penn Today article about the 2020 Census. The result of the 2020 Census inform many public facets, hence the emphasis on getting a full count. This year the household survey is available online and will be accessible until the end of data collection.
Irma T. Elo was featured in an NBC investigative report about how neighborhood affects longevity. Watch the full clip here.
This past Monday a small group of researchers participated in a workshop about the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). This purpose of this workshop was to introduce researchers to the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Emily Blecker, Liz Taggert, and Melissa Oney presented on how to access the HRS data, types of datasets available, data security measures, and the types of statistical analyses that can be conducted using this data.
Photo above from left to right: Irma Elo, Audrey Cheon, Emily Blecker, Liz Taggert, Melissa Oney, Shana Stites, Morgan Peele
Irma Elo received grant funding as part of the 2019 Making a Difference in Diverse Communities. Read more on the Penn Arts & Sciences website.
Irma T. Elo and Jere R. Behrman recently met with Chilean government officials who fund the Chilean Social Protection Survey to discuss the implementation of the Harmonized Cognitive Assessment Protocol.
Pictured from left to right: David Bravo (Director of the Centro de los Encuestas y Estudios Longitudinales, Catholic University Of Chile), Jere R. Behrman, María José Zaldívar (Subsecretaria de Previsión Social), Irma T. Elo, and Úrsula Schwarzhaupt (Head of the Research Department, Subsecretaría de Previsión Social).
Irma T. Elo and Samuel H. Preston's research on life expectancy and non-Hispanic whites in the U.S. featured in Penn Today.
PSC & PARC Associate, Irma T. Elo has been awarded the 2019 Making a Difference in Diverse Communities Grant for her "Cognitive Decline with Aging in Diverse Chilean Communities and in Comparison with Mexico and the U.S" project with fellow PSC & PARC Associate Jere R. Behrman.
A study by Samuel Preston and Irma Elo uses nationally representative data to estimate the mortality hazards associated with diabetes, combining those hazards with the prevalence of diabetes to estimate the fraction of deaths attributable to diabetes and its effect on life expectancy. Evaluating the impact of diabetes on age-specific mortality may be salient in identifying the effect of rising obesity levels on US mortality and its contribution to racial/ethnic mortality disparities. Read more about this project here.
Last week Penn's Institute on Aging and the Population Aging Research Center co-hosted Dr. Anne Newman as a part of the Visiting Scholars Series. The talk, titled What does it take to live a long and healthy life, covered several variables that impact the stages of aging and living healthy later in life. Irma T. Elo also participated in discussion about U.S. Life Expectancy as it is effected by obesity and the opioid epidemic. Take a look at some photos from the event!
Pictured above from left to right: Jeffrey Lin, Iourii Manovskii, Mallick Hossain, and Keith Sill.
Learn about our new partner, the Philadelphia Federal Statistical Research Data Center. Speakers at the opening celebration included: Nancy Potok, Chief Statistician of the United States, Ron Jarmin, Performing the Nonexclusive Functions and Duties of the Director of the U.S. Census Bureau, Keith Sill, Senior Vice President and Director, Real-Time Research Data Center, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, and PSC Research Associate Iourii Manovskii, Associate Professor of Economics and Co-Director, Philadelphia FSRDC, University of Pennsylvania. PSC Director Herbert L. Smith and PARC Director Irma T. Elo were also in attendance, along with George Mailath, Chair of Economics and ex officio member of the PSC Executive Committee, and Monica King, ADRF Director, representing the PSC's "big data" initiative. Read the press release here.
Irma Elo, Pekka Martikainen & Mikko Aaltonen authored Children’s educational attainment, occupation, and income and their parents’ mortality which was published this week in Population Studies
Irma Elo's recent paper in SSM-Population Health (with Mehta, Stenholm, Aromaa, Heliövaara, and Koskinen) "International Differences in the Risk of Death from Smoking and Obesity: The case of the United States and Finland" is featured on the Research Spotlights web page of the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) and in the monthly newsletter.
Penn News features the Quartet Pilot Program winners and the program is discussed by Irma Elo and Kevin Volpp: Six Research Projects at Penn Bolstered Through Quartet Pilot Competition Funding.
Behrman, Elo, Hannum, Tishkoff named among the inaugural recipients of the Dean's Global Inquiries Fund.
PSC Research Associate Irma Elo, on behalf of PAA’s Committee on Population Statistics, convened a group of experts on race/ethnicity to a meeting at the Population Reference Bureau in Washington, DC to give feedback to Census Bureau staff on the Bureau’s 2015 National Content Test research for improving data collection on race/ethnicity.
Samuel H. Preston and Irma T. Elo's PDR paper "Anatomy of a Municipal Triumph: New York City's Upsurge in Life Expectancy," was recently discussed in The New York Times article: "Poor New Yorkers Tend to Live Longer Than Other Poor Americans."
Irma T. Elo has been reappointed to the Swedish Initiative for Research on Microdata in the Social And Medical Sciences Scientific Advisory Board (SIMSAM SAB) from September 2014 through August 2015.
Samuel H. Preston and Irma T. Elo's recent study forthcoming in the journal Population and Development Review on New York City's mortality decline is discussed in the New York Times.
Irma Elo has been elected Chair of the ASA Section on the Sociology of Population.
Jennifer Culhane and Irma Elo's research was referenced in a recent Robert Wood Johnson Foundation issue Brief, "What Shapes Health-Related Behaviors? The Role of Social Factors."
Irma Elo joined the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Population Sciences Subcommittee as a regular member on July 1, 2011.
Irma T. Elo and James Macinko's article "Black-White Differences in Avoidable Mortality in the United States, 1980-2005," published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health has been cited in the media recently including by ABC News and Reuters Health.