International Union for the Scientific Study of Population
Date of event:October 11, 2016 - 9:00am - 5:00pm
Submission deadline:July 11, 2016
While the dichotomous sex variable (male/female) is central to all analyses of mortality, fertility and migration, its meaning is complex and rarely discussed. What are demographers talking about when they use the words male and female? Does the sex variable refer to biological characteristics, a perceived identity, membership to a social group? The way in which the sex variable is interpreted is of key importance, given that fertility behaviours and mortality risks are closely linked to both the biological and social conditions of each individual. Yet many demographic indicators are different for males and females (life expectancy at birth, age at first childbirth, etc.). What hypotheses have been put forward to explain sexually differentiated demographic behaviours? To what extent do these explanations incorporate the question of gender relations, i.e. the power relations between men and women, and of gender differences in social status? More generally, how do demographic and quantitative approaches reveal inequalities between men and women? The question of sexually differentiated demographic and social behaviours (fertility, mortality, migration, health, education, professional life, etc.) is closely linked to that of gender inequality. One recent publication1 describes social progress regarding gender in France, and the persisting gender inequalities . More women are getting an education and have a stronger presence in the labour force, yet compared with men, they less frequently opt for the most "lucrative" fields in the job market and remain at a disadvantage in terms of salaries and promotions. They still perform the majority of domestic and parenting tasks, and are the main victims of domestic and sexual violence. But demography also provides examples of "reverse inequality", since women have a longer life expectancy than men (though a shorter healthy life expectancy). THE FOUR WORKSHOP THEMES Young researchers (Master's and PhD students, young researchers who defended their PhD after 2009) are invited to present their research findings and explain how gender issues are addressed in their work. The workshop will be organized around the 4 main demographic themes. Contributions with an international comparative dimension are especially welcome.
- Births, fertility and family
- Marriage, conjugal life and sexuality
- Migration, mobility and minorities
- Mortality, ageing and health